Some Common Cat Diseases?
Cats can have allergies including allergic reactions from cat food, human food, and medications. Allergic reactions include vomiting, diarrhea, skin lesions, bumps on the back of the neck, itchiness, and ulcers around the mouth.
Hairballs in Cats
Furballs can kill cats. A build-up of swallowed fur from grooming can cause vomiting and difficulty swallowing. Also, it can cause a blockage and a backup of food. Too much vomiting can cause an electrolyte imbalance and a loss of bodily fluids.
Bladder Stones In Cats
Cats can get bladder stones, making urination difficult. In fact, young male cats can get their entire urinary tract blocked, which could lead to death within a few days. In this case, a vet may remove the cat’s blocked area that usually includes the penis.
Ear Mites In Cats
Cats, kittens especially, can get ear mites that look like dirt or bumps on the skin of the interior of the ear. Cats can get dental problems like plaque and tartar buildup. Cat toothbrushes and toothpaste are available at many pet stores. Cats can get colds.
FIV Or Feline AIDS In Cats
Cats can contract feline AIDS or Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV). Discovered in 1986, this disease damages the cat’s immune system making him susceptible to other diseases, like bacterial or viral infections, a healthy immune system can easily fight off. There is no cure for FIV, however, the good news is a vaccine was discovered in 2002.
Feline Leukemia Virus In Cats
Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) causes cats to stop eating, lose weight, and listlessness. This disease destroys the cat’s immune system, contributing to the advancement of certain cancers. The good news is there is a vaccine and many cats can fight off and eliminate this infection.
Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP)
Another deadly disease is Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) that can greatly affect cats. It is caused by a coronavirus that can disguise itself as differing ailments, like a digestive system or spinal disease, in the feline. This deadly strain is difficult to diagnose sometimes until it is too late. Single or few cats in the home usually do not contract this disease as it spreads in groups of cats, like in breeding colonies. This disease is mostly fatal. The good news is there’s a vaccine. Feline leukemia and feline acquired immune deficiency (FIV) are common in outdoor cats that have not been immunized.
Most Common Illnesses In Senior Cats
Older cats, like older people, develop age-related problems like diabetes, kidney problems, thyroid disease, cataracts, gum disease, and infections around the nail beds. Cats can get cancer and receive chemotherapy and cobalt radiation therapy. Pacemakers can be implanted in cats whose heart needs regulating. Surgeries include heart and heart valve procedures, brain operations, and bone transplants. Dialysis machines have also been used on cats. This stuff is expensive. At the University of Cincinnati Medical Center, they treat cats (and other animals) for cancer. Called the Veterinary Cancer Control Program, its treatments include radiation, chemotherapy, and other medical procedures, and it’s where cats can go to improve their chances of surviving a cancer scare. Cat only vet clinics are becoming more common.
Skin Conditions In Cats
Cats are affected by skin conditions like dermatitis or eczema, that is caused by stress, diet, sensitivity to preservatives, antioxidants, artificial flavoring and coloring found in canned cat food, a lack of certain fatty acids, or allergies.
Dermatitis can become painful ulcerations and secondary infections.
Projectile vomiting occurs mostly in Siamese cats with it usually happening 4-5 times a week, at night, and after some rest or sleep. Some causes of projectile vomiting are a bacterial infection in the digestive system and are treated by antibiotics, or a genetic feature of the Siamese, or stress. Treatment for such vomiting is the removal of stress, small digestible meals, and private sleeping areas. In addition, meals can be given before the evening so the stomach is empty overnight when vomiting is likely.
Trauma in Cats
like a severe wound, can result in the feline withdrawing from and showing an unwillingness to respond to their owners and other pets, and they become easily frightened. Trauma can cause physiological shock and result in death. Treatment for trauma includes gentle handling and encouragement.
A bizarre reaction to trauma is the attempt to paw or pounce at imaginary objects in the air or on the ground.
Internal Parasites In Cats
Cats have had internal parasites, including round, hook, thread, whip, and tapeworms. Also single-celled organisms, like Toxoplasma gondii, can affect cats and be transferred to humans and even cause miscarriages. Outdoor cats are more likely to pick up parasites and diseases from eating prey. Roundworms and tapeworms are common.
A mother can pass roundworm larvae through the placenta to her otherwise healthy kittens. Fleas carry tapeworms and their eggs can infect a cat or kitten if the flea is eaten. External parasites, like maggots, can infect cats. These parasites may transmit disease and lay eggs on cats.
Common external parasites include :
– Ticks – Can lead to anemia
– Lice – Cause skin difficulties
– Mange mites – Cause mange (a highly contagious skin disorder)
– Fleas – The most common parasite that leads to dermatitis and can transfer tapeworms to the feline.
Cats infected with the Deer Tick (that carries Lyme Disease) can transfer the tick to humans. Cats are more resistant to sickness than some other animals. Even though most areas of a cat’s body can be infected with the disease.